premenstrual syndrome

Topic: What are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a collection of physical and psychological symptoms that can occur in a cyclical pattern in people who menstruate. The start of symptoms coincides with the second half of the menstrual cycle, called the luteal phase.

Symptoms typically resolve within a few days after the period begins. However, they can sometimes last for 2 weeks.

While doctors are unsure why some people experience PMS symptoms, contributing factors may include certain lifestyle factors and fluctuations in the levels of sex hormones and serotonin.

Here, learn more about PMS symptoms and how to treat and prevent them.

PMS refers to clinically significant physical and psychological symptoms that occur during the second half of the menstrual cycle.

Experts suggest that PMS affects 47.8% of people of reproductive age who menstruate. Among this population, 20% experience severe symptoms.

Some people may experience mild-to-moderate symptoms, whereas others may report symptoms that are severe enough to affect their normal daily functions.

Physical symptoms may include:

  • back pain
  • stomach pain
  • lower back pain
  • headaches
  • swelling and tenderness of the breasts
  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • nausea
  • bloating
  • clumsiness
  • a lower tolerance for light and noise
  • weight gain

Emotional symptoms can include:

  • appetite changes
  • food cravings
  • sleep difficulties
  • difficulty with memory or concentration
  • less interest in sex

PMS symptoms may worsen a week before menstruation, with a peak often occurring 2 days before bleeding begins.

Topic Discussed: What are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

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